About

Buxton Crescent Heritage Trust is a registered charity.

About Buxton Crescent

Built in the 1780s by architect John Carr of York and fifth Duke of Devonshire, William Cavendish, Buxton Crescent is a Grade-I Listed Palladian building, home to Buxton’s thermal mineral spring, St. Ann’s Well.

After closing its doors indefinitely due to structural issues in the 1990s, the Crescent reopened in 2019 following over £70 million in restoration funding. The Crescent’s redevelopment would not have been possible without the support and dedication of the National Lottery Heritage Fund, High Peak Borough Council, Derbyshire County Council, and many more organisations and individuals. 

Buxton Crescent Heritage Trust was created as part of the redevelopment, with our job being to safeguard and celebrate Buxton’s story through our events programme, Buxton Visitor Centre and the Buxton Crescent Experience – our award-winning attraction which has brought Buxton’s incredible story to life.

About The Pump Room

Built in 1894 as a companion to Buxton Crescent, and to provide additional facilities for visitors to “take the waters”, the Pump Room is a historic building in its own right.

Originally, visitors would be charged one penny to enter, where they could socialise in a tea-room style setting. Visitors would be served the mineral water by the “Well Women”, who were responsible for maintaining the marble well.

The Pump Room has been used for many purposes over the years – interestingly it was once the world’s first (and last) microscopic museum – the Buxton Micrarium – where visitors would observe exhibits through microscopes.

The Pump Room was reopened by Buxton Crescent Heritage Trust in 2019 and is now home to Buxton Visitor Centre. 

About Buxton's Water

People have been coming to Buxton for its “healing water” for thousands of years – we know the Roman Empire built baths here during their invasion of Britain, and there is evidence of human habitation in the area dating back to the neolithic period.

When the Romans came to Britain, they bestowed the prefix “Aquae” to only two places: “Aquae Sulis”, now known as Bath, and “Aquae Arnemetiae”, now called Buxton. Arnemetiae is the sacred goddess of our mineral spring – we think her name would have been adapted from an earlier Celtic deity, now lost to time.

Though natural springs are found all over the world, they usually produce water that is not drinkable. Buxton’s water is naturally filtered through the mineral-rich Derbyshire bedrock for 5000 years, before the natural heat from the Earth’s core forces it upwards through a fault line – it takes only one day to return to the surface, where it emerges at a constant 27.5 Celsius and is safe to drink fresh from the ground.

About Buxton Crescent Heritage Trust

We’ve been inspiring visitors and locals with Buxton’s story since 2017.

Our charitable aims are as follows;

(a) For the public benefit to advance education on the subjects of:

(i) Buxton Crescent and Thermal Spa; (ii) the history of Buxton and its surrounding area; (iii) the history of other thermal spas and thermal spa towns; and (iv) the history of health and medicine.

(b) Promoting the preservation and heritage of the physical and natural environment of the Buxton Crescent and Thermal Spa and its surroundings.

Our Trustees

The Duke of Devonshire | Patron

Jennifer Spencer | Chair

Tina Heathcote

Cllr Tony Kemp (Derbyshire County Council)

David Lowther (Chair of Trading Company Board)

Alice Martin (Chair of Assets Advisory Board)

Lady Lynn McLoughlin

Liz Page

Dr Sarah Rawlinson

Victoria Reeves

Pippa Pollard

Cllr Jean Todd (High Peak Borough Council)

Special Advisors

Richard Tuffrey MBE

Dr Peter Collinge

"Buxton's thermal mineral water has inspired people for over 2,000 years. It was the Romans who first discovered the warm spring."
The Duke of Devonshire
Patron - Buxton Crescent Heritage Trust

Our visitor experience...

tells the stories of Buxton, The Crescent, its famous water and the many people who came to seek its cure. Click here to read more.

Our Premium Guided Tours set off in the morning, where you can dive deep into the rich history of our area aided by our warm and wonderful hosts.

For those who prefer to discover at their own pace, the Experience opens to Self-Guided visitors at 1pm.

Large group? Or a sensory tour during quiet times? Please contact us and we can help get that arranged.